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Alberta clays and shales : summary of ceramic properties

Abstract: Ceramic test data for more than 200 deposits of clays and shales in Alberta resulted largely from early investigations of the Federal Department of Mines (1912-15, 1932) supplemented by more recent work of Alberta Research (1951-present). These data indicate the bulk of the province's clays and shales to be of the low-grade, low alumina variety suitable for low-value structural ware at best. Intermediate grades such as stoneware clay and fireclay are indicated in a few deposits. High-grade days such as kaolin and ball clay are unknown.The clays and shales are found in a variety of geologic types of deposits in the Cretaceous and Tertiary bedrock strata of the Plains and in the thick Mesozoic strata of the Rocky Mountains and Foothills, and as well, in the surficial deposits covering extensive portions of the province. Generally, the better grades and best quality of clays are found in the nonmarine bedrock deposits. Low-grade "brick" clays of fair to good quality are present in some surficial deposits. The marine shales mostly have little potential for ceramic use.Alberta's ceramics (clay products) industry, since its beginning in 1893, has had more than 150 plants operating at various times in numerous localities across the province. Few of these survived; those that did evolved into modern and efficient plants, and the industry now is consolidated in two main areas of the province, Medicine Hat-Redcliff and Edmonton. Production in 1973 was valued at $4.6 million. Place Keywords 72e 72l 72m 73d 73e 73l 73m 74d 74e 74l 74m 82g 82h 82i 82j 82n 82o 82p 83a 83b 83c 83d 83e 83f 83g 83h 83i 83j 83k 83l 83m 83n 83o 83p 84a 84b 84c 84d 84e 84f 84g 84h 84i 84j 84k 84l 84m 84n 84o 84p alberta alberta foothills alberta plains canada rocky m Theme Keywords ceramic clay cretaceous geology shales tertiary

Hamilton, W.N.  Babet, P.H.  1975-03-01


Bromide, iodide and boron in Alberta formation waters

Bromide contents up to 2786 mg/L were found in high calcium and magnesium brines associated with evaporites in the Upper Devonian Beaverhill Lake Formation and Middle Devonian Elk Point Group. The most extensive regions of high-iodide formation ... Show Abstract

Hitchon, B.  Levinson, A.A.  Horn, M.K.  1977-01-01

BUL 026

Some Characteristics and Physical Properties of Alberta Tills

Maps depicting the regional variation in the chemical and mineralogical composition, and physical properties of tills from throughout the plains region of Alberta were prepared by a computer with an attached plotter.The chemical constituents and ... Show Abstract

Bayrock, L.A.  Pawluk, S.  1969-01-01

BUL 030

Petrographic and Engineering Properties of Fine Grained Rocks of Central Alberta

The central Alberta Plains are underlain by a gently westward-dipping succession of non-marine detrital strata of Late Cretaceous and Paleocene ages, which merges to the west with folded and faulted retaceous beds of the Rocky Mountain ... Show Abstract

Locker, J.G.  1973-01-01

BUL 037

Estimating Sustainable Yield to a Well in Heterogenous Strata

In Alberta, aquifers are heterogeneous, so current methods of predicting sustainable yields are inappropriate. Even the common term transmissivity is not applicable and should be replaced by the new term transmissive capacity, which takes into ... Show Abstract

Bibby, R.  1979-01-01

BUL 020

Cretaceous Foraminifera of the Rocky Mountain Foothills, Alberta

In ascending stratigraphic order these are: 1.Miliammina manitobensis; 2.Verneuilinoides kansasensis; 3.lower pelagic and 4.Pseudoclavulina sp. from the Blackstone Formation; 5.Trochammina sp. 1; 6.Brachycythere-Bullopora; 7.Anomalinoides henbesti; ... Show Abstract

Wall, J.H.  1967-01-01

ESR 2002-06

Coalbed Methane Potential of Upper Cretaceous-Tertiary Strata, Alberta Plains

The Lea Park, Bearpaw and Whitemud Battle formations consist of relatively fine-grained siliciclastic sediments deposited in a marginal marine or lacustrine environment. There are also some minor coals in the lower Paskapoo Formation.Maps ... Show Abstract

Beaton, A.P.  Pana, C.  Chen, D.  Wynne, D.A.  Langenberg, C.W.  2004-10-30