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ESR 1970-02

Index to Current Geologic Maps of Alberta

The Research Council of Alberta and the Geological Survey of Canada are the principal agencies involved in the systematic geological mapping of Alberta. The index does not include maps published prior to 1930 (except the G.S.C. bedrock geology maps ... Show Abstract

Research Council of AlbertaRoot, J.D.  2011-06-19

DIG 2015_0007

Sylvan Lake Sub-Basin Hydrostratigraphic Model - Net-to-Gross Sandstone Distribution for the Paskapoo Formation - Lower Composite Slice, Central Alberta (Gridded data, ASCII format)

Sylvan Lake Sub-Basin Hydrostratigraphic Model - Net-to-Gross Sandstone Distribution for the Paskapoo Formation - Lower Composite Slice, Central Alberta (Gridded data, ASCII format) The Lower Composite Slice is one of three distinct geological ... Show Abstract

2016-03-14

ECO 3

Alberta clays and shales : summary of ceramic properties

Ceramic test data for more than 200 deposits of clays and shales in Alberta resulted largely from early investigations of the Federal Department of Mines (1912-15, 1932) supplemented by more recent work of Alberta Research ... Show Abstract

Hamilton, W.N.  Babet, P.H.  1975-03-01

ECO 2

Alberta Bentonites

Low yields, high grit content, or thick overburden reduce the desirability of other deposits.The paucity of glass shards and the mineralogy of the sand and silt fractions suggest rhyodacite as the composition of the parent volcanic ash for each ... Show Abstract

Scafe, D.W.  1975-01-01

ECO 1

Calcium and magnesium in Alberta brines

Approximately 850 subsurface brines from Alberta containing more than 20,000 mg/L calcium and more than 3,000 mg/L magnesium were studied to determine their commercial potential. Knowledge of the regional compositional gradients, hydraulic-head ... Show Abstract

Hitchon, B.  Holter, M.E.  1971-11-01

ESR 2000-11

Suitability of the Alberta Subsurface for Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Geological Media

Basically, there are five ways of sequestering CO2 in geological media: 1) through enhanced oil recovery (EOR), 2) storage in depleted oil and gas geological reservoirs, 3) replacement of methane by CO2 in deep coal beds (ECBMR), 4) injection into ... Show Abstract

Bachu, S.  Brulotte, M.  Grobe, M.  Stewart, S.A.  2000-03-01

ECO 7

The ceramic potential of Alberta clays and shales

Many geographical areas and geological formations were missed when the ceramic suitability of materials was studied early this century. Geological formations that are useful for the production of structural clay products or pottery are Pleistocene ... Show Abstract

Scafe, D.W.  1982-01-01

SPE 007

Regional Evaluation of the Coal Bed Methane Potential in the Plains and Foothills of Alberta, Stratigraphy and Rank Study

Regional Evaluation of the Coal Bed Methane Potential in the Plains and Foothills of Alberta, Stratigraphy and Rank Study The coal resource in place in Alberta is tremendous by whichever estimate is used. The geologic model developed for the ... Show Abstract

Rottenfusser, B.  Langenberg, C.W.  Mandryk, G.B.  Richardson, R.J.H.  Fildes, B.J.  Olic, J.  Stewart, S.A.  Eccles, D.R.  Evans, C.  Spelrem, M.  Sprecher, B.  Brulotte, M.  Gentzis, T.  Wynne, D.A.  Yuan, L.P.  1999-02-01

ECO 5

Bromide, iodide and boron in Alberta formation waters

Bromide contents up to 2786 mg/L were found in high calcium and magnesium brines associated with evaporites in the Upper Devonian Beaverhill Lake Formation and Middle Devonian Elk Point Group. The most extensive regions of high-iodide formation ... Show Abstract

Hitchon, B.  Levinson, A.A.  Horn, M.K.  1977-01-01

SPE 094

Stress Regime at Acid-Gas Injection Operations in Western Canada

Abstract: Acid gas, a mixture of CO2 and H2S produced from sour gas reservoirs in Western Canada, has been injected into deep geological formations for close to 15 years with a good safety record. Injection currently takes place at 41 locations into depleted oil and gas reservoirs, and deep saline aquifers. From this point of view, the acid-gas injection operations in Western Canada constitute a commercial-scale analogue for CO2 geological storage. A major issue in geological injection of fluids is the integrity of the injection unit; i.e., avoidance of leakage through natural or induced fractures. Regulatory agencies in Western Canada impose safe limits on the injection pressure to maintain the pressure around the injection well below the fracturing threshold of the rocks. An evaluation of the stress regime at the acid-gas injection sites in Western Canada was performed to assess the relationship between the maximum allowed wellhead injection-pressures and the rock-fracturing thresholds.The stress regime in the Alberta Basin has been established in this study on the basis of 1446 hydraulic tests and on density logs in selected wells. On this basis, the minimum horizontal stress and the vertical stress have been estimated at all acid-gas injection sites. Minimum horizontal stresses increase with depth with a basin-wide average gradient of 16.6 kPa/m. Maximum vertical stresses increase with depth with a basin-wide gradient of 23.8 kPa/m. Fracture pressures increase with depth with an average gradient of 19 kPa/m, and are at all the sites greater than the minimum horizontal stress, but smaller than the vertical stress. Maximum bottom hole injection pressures are safely below the minimum horizontal stress, hence lower than the fracture pressure. Thus, there is no danger of opening existing fractures, neither, obviously, of inducing new ones. The study has also shown that, in the case of acid or greenhouse gas injection, prescribing the maximum wellhead injection pressure, according to general values established for water disposal, is not sufficient because the gas most likely will not have enough bottom-hole pressure to overcome the formation pressure and enter the injection unit. Thus, for acid and greenhouse gas injection in geological media, there is need to establish the maximum bottom hole and wellhead injection pressures on the basis of minimum horizontal stress to avoid opening of potential pre-existing fractures, and on the basis of gas properties at reservoir and wellhead conditions (pressure and temperature). The current acid-gas injection operations in Western Canada meet the safety criteria imposed by the need to maintain the integrity of the injection unit. However, the wide range of variability in the ratio between minimum horizontal stresses and fracturing pressures points out to the need to perform hydraulic tests at each site, rather than estimate the fracturing pressure from basin-wide fracturing gradients or numerical models. Performing carefully conducted tests will also allow site-specific determination of the minimum horizontal stress, hence of a better upper limit for the bottom hole injection pressure, to ensure that pre-existing fractures, if present, will not be opened. Place Keywords 72e 72l 72m 73d 73e 73l 73m 74d 74e 74l 74m 82g 82h 82i 82j 82n 82o 82p 83a 83b 83c 83d 83e 83f 83g 83h 83i 83j 83k 83l 83m 83n 83o 83p 84a 84b 84c 84d 84e 84f 84g 84h 84i 84j 84k 84l 84m 84n 84o 84p alberta alberta basin british columbia canada western c Theme Keywords acid gas co2 engineering fractures geology injection

Bachu, S.  Haug, K.  Michael, K.  2008-04-14

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